SUNAN GUNUNG JATI
Many absurd stories are associated with Sunan Gunung Jati. Among them was that he had never experienced such a spiritual journey Isra 'Mi'raj, then met the Prophet Muhammad, the Prophet met Khidr, and accept the will of the Prophet Sulaeman.(Chronicle Cirebon Klayan hal.xxii manuscript).All it suggests that the public admiration at Sunan Gunung Jati. Sunan Gunung Jati or Syarif Hidayatullah was born about the year 1448 is estimated to M. His mother is Nyai Rara Santang, daughter of the king Raden Pajajaran Rarasa Manah. While his father was Maulana Huda Sultan Sharif Abdullah, Egyptian authorities Banu Hashim of Palestinian descent.Sharif Hidayatullah explore the science of religion since the age of 14 years of the Egyptian cleric. He had traveled to various countries. Following the establishment of the Sultanate of Bintoro Demak, and upon the approval of other scholars, he founded the Sultanate of Cirebon, also known as the Sultanate Pakungwati.Thus, Sunan Gunung Jati is the only "wali Songo" to lead the government. Sunan Gunung Jati use his influence as a son of King Pajajaran to propagate from the coast inland Cirebon Pasundan or Priangan.In preaching, he adheres to a straightforward trend of the Middle East. But he is also close to the people by building the infrastructure of roads that connect between the regions.Together with his son, Maulana Hasanuddin, Sunan Gunung Jati also on an expedition to Bantam. Local authorities, the General shoots, voluntary surrender control of the Banten region which later became the forerunner of the Sultanate of Banten.At the age of 89 years, Sunan Gunung Jati resigned his position solely devoted to propaganda. Power was delivered to Prince Pasarean. In the year 1568 AD, Sunan Gunung Jati died at the age of 120 years, in Cirebon (formerly Carbon). He is buried in the Mount Sembung, Gunung Jati, about 15 kilometers before the town of Cirebon from the west.Fatahillahadalah was a young man who sent the Sultan Trenggana Pasai membantuSunan Gunungjatiberperang against the Portuguese colonizers.Evidence that Fatahillah not is the tomb of Sunan Gunungjati near Sultan Gunungjati that says Tubagus Pasai Fathullah or Fatahillah or Faletehan according to the Portuguese tongue. Sharif Hidayatullah and his mother arrived in the country Syarifah Muda'im Caruban bans in West Java in 1475 after stopping first in Gujarat and Pasai to add to the experience. The two men were welcomed by Prince Cakrabuana and his family.Kahf Datuk sheikh is dead, teachers and Syarifah Muda'im Cakrabuana Prince was buried in Pasambangan. With reasons to keep it close to the tomb of his teacher, Syarifah Muda'im asked to be allowed to stay in Pasambangan or Gunungjati.Syarifah Muda'im and his son is continuing Sheikh Sharif Hidayatullah Datuk Pesantren Gunungjati Cave open. So then from Sharif Hidayatullah better known as Sunan Gunungjati.Determined it was time, his son marry the Prince Cakrabuana Nyi Pakungwati with Sharif Hidayatullah. Secondarily in the year 1479, because he was already up Prince Cakrabuana hand over power to the Sharif Hidayatullah State Caruban with His Majesty's degree means someone who upheld. Mentioned, the first year of his reign Sharif Hidayatullah been to Pajajaran to visit his grandfather the King Siliwangi. The King invited back to Islam but did not want to. King Siliwangi should not convert to Islam, he does not block broadcast grandson of Islam in the region Pajajaran. Sharif Hidayatullah then proceeded to the attack. Attack of the population had converted to Islam because there are a number of Arab and Gujarat traders who often drop into place.Sharif Hidayatullah arrival was welcomed by the duke of Banten. Sharif Hidayatullah even an arranged marriage with the Duke's daughter named Nyi Kawungten Banten.From this marriage then Sharif Hidayatullah in karuniai sonsNyi the Queen and Prince Sebakingking Winaon. In spreading the religion of Islam in Java, Sunan Gunungjati Sharif Hidayatullah or not working alone, he often participated in consultation with other members of the trustee at the mosque Demak. Even mentioned, he also helped berdrinya Demak Mosque. Interaction with the Sultan of Demak and the other Mayor has finally established the Sultanate Pakungwati Sharif Hidayatullah and his self-proclaimed King of the first with the title of Sultan.By joining soldiers and officers the option to Cirebon increasingly Pakungwati great is the influence of the Sultanate. Other areas such as: Surantaka, Japura, Wana Giri, Lake and others claim to be the Cirebon Sultanate. The more so with the expansion of the Port Estuary Jati, more and more great is the influence of Cirebon Sultanate. Many wholesalers from foreign countries come to make friends. Them from our country. One of the royal family to marry Cirebon dignitary from China who visited the Ma Huan Cirebon. Cirebon and then the fabric of the country between China more closely.Gunungjati Sunan even been invited to China and married the daughter of a Chinese emperor named Princess Tien Ong. Chinese emperor at the time of the Ming dynasty is also a Muslim. With the marriage of the Emperor wanted to establish close relations between China and the country Cirebon, this turns out to benefit the nation of China for use in world trade.After mating with Gunungjati Sunan, Tien Ong daughter in exchange for his name to the Queen Nyi Rara Semanding. Tien Ong's father Emperor's daughter was equipping her son with no small amount of property, most of the relics of Tien Ong's daughter who was brought from China that still exist and are stored in a safe place. Palace and Mosque Cirebon then embellished and expanded again with the motives of wall hangings from China. The Great Mosque was built in 1480 Ciptarasa on the initiative of Queen Pakungwati or wife Nyi Gunungjati Sunan. Of mosque construction involves many parties, including Wali Songo and a number of experts sent by Raden Patah. In the construction of the Sunan Kalijaga honored to establish Soko chips as a symbol of community unity.Finished building the mosque, called for by building highways linking Cirebon the Duchy of other areas to expand the development of Islam in the entire Land of Pasundan. King Siliwangi can only hold back the development of the region's expanding Cirebon. Even the Pajajaran itself is getting squeezed.In 1511 Malacca was occupied by the Portuguese. Next they want to extend power to the island of Java. Port of Sunda Kelapa are so sought after they drove nails for colonization. Demak Bintoro knew of the dangers that threaten the islands of the archipelago. Therefore Raden Broken send Duke or Prince Sabrang Unus Lor to attack the Portuguese in Malacca. But the effort was fruitless, the Portuguese arms too full, and they were already established a strong fortress in Malacca.